The Second Edition of WATER INDONESIA
As Southeast Asia’s largest economy, major industrial and infrastructure development have occurred in Indonesia for the past five years. With fast growing population and rapid industrialisation, demand for water will increase exponentially especially in industrial and agricultural use, as these are one of the main driving for economic forces in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. Thus proper water resources management system is required in order to have a sustainable water future in the country.
Water and wastewater treatment is an important issue in Indonesia. Indonesia’s water resources accounts for 6% of the world’s and 21% of Asia-Pacific’s. And yet 68% of rivers in Indonesia are heavily polluted. Of those, 70% are polluted by domestic waste, according to the Indonesian National Planning Agency. The total water availability in Indonesia is 690 × 109 cubic meters (m3 ) per year, which is a lot more than the demand of 175 × 109 m3 /year.
In Southeast Asia, the industrial water & wastewater treatment market is forecasted to reach beyond USD 5 Billion by 2024. With Indonesia being the largest economy in the region, it is expected to offer the largest potential market. The Government has set an ambitious plan through the National Medium Term Planning (RPJM) 2020-2024 which targeted 100% safe access of drinking water supply by 2024 which will need a total investment of IDR 253,8 trillion. The Government was also allocating IDR 16 trillion (USD 1.163 billion) in 2018 for sanitation infrastructure in Indonesia. The capital designated was to manage wastewater produced by 853,000 households, as well as to construct clean water facilities and water treatment plants.
Water Indonesia 2021 will be held alongside Mining Indonesia and Construction Indonesia, two largest energy and engineering shows in Indonesia. Mining and Construction have been two important sectors and focus for the government. The water used for coal production is heavily polluted, and the total water consumption for the industry will reach 3,461 MCM by 2021 and this amount would increase by 10% per year until 2023. This situation imposes a greater need to improve the Mining Industry water supply and waste treatment systems. As for Indonesia Construction Industry, water supplies and waste treatments have been a growing concern since these two subjects are required in the production process for many materials such as concrete and steel. At the moment huge number of construction projects are undergoing in the country which without doubt will lead to huge demand of water supplies and waste treatment management.
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